Datapoint for feature 144V and language wals_code_wec

Discuss WALS Datapoint for feature 144V and language wals_code_wec.

One Response to “Datapoint for feature 144V and language wals_code_wec”

  1. Stuart Frankel Says:

    Colloquial Welsh definitely has a preverbal negative, and reference to Watkins gives it. It is “d,” explained in the reference as historically a reduced form of “nid.” The example in the reference is “D oes dim dyn yma,” or maybe “D oes ddim dyn yma;” I don’t remember which and Google preview won’t show me the page right now for some reason. The two don’t mean the same thing; the first means “There is no man here,” and the seconds means “There isn’t a man here. But both require the intial “D” (which is usually spelled together with the following verb “oes” ‘there is’. All verbs which begin with a vowel require a prefixed “d” when the sentence is negative. So, the preverbal negative doesn’t appear with all verbs, unlike formal Welsh, but where the shape of the verb permits it, it’s not optional. Leaving it out is unacceptable to native speakers. Again, the reference is correct here.

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