Lateral Consonants

by Ian Maddieson

6 Responses to “Lateral Consonants”

  1. Phil Kaufmann Says:

    I was surprised to find Lithuanian listed as having no /l/ sound. Is that an error or is Lithuanian properly described as lacking an /l/?
    All the best, and thanks for the great work (I spend hours on this site…)!
    Phil Kaufmann

  2. Henry Davis Says:

    Bella Coola has both an ejective lateral affricate and a lateral fricative, contrary to what you have on the map.

    Henry Davis

  3. André Müller Says:

    As the commenter above, I also wonder about the inclusion of a few languages, including Lithuanian. The other ones I wondered about are Georgian, Khmer, Pashto and Yakut. Especially the Georgian and Khmer sound quite much like a standard alveolar /l/, even [l], to me. The chapter description didn’t reveal the difference here. What’s the reason for putting those languages in the no /l/ category?

    All the best,
    - André Müller

  4. Ivan Derzhanski Says:

    According to UPSID (), Lithuanian does have /l/, and Bella Coola has lateral obstruents, so these must be technical errors. Georgian, Khmer and Yakut are given (along with Ket and Yukaghir) as having a velarised dental/alveolar lateral approximant, which should have been counted as a kind of /l/. The same probably goes for what Pashto has, namely a palatoalveolar lateral approximant.

  5. B. Blasebalg Says:

    Beside Lithuanian, Khanty struck me as odd. Don’t most dialects of Khanty contain both regular /l/ and at least one sort of lateral fricative?
    I don’t know how reliable that is, but according to the English Wikipedia, all Khanty dialects combined feature a total 5 kinds of lateral consonants (approximant – palatalized or not; fricative – palalized or not; retroflex).
    However, Khanty shows up as \/l/ only\ on the map. Who’s right?

    In general, there seem to be a couple of other languages that feature a lateral fricative, which show up differently here; for instance, Khalkha.
    Or do I miss something about the definition of the values?

  6. Murat Karimov Says:

    Russian language does not have /l/.

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